In 2015, while visiting my family in Germany, I learnt how to make Zimtsterne, that is, Cinnamon Stars.

Zimtsterne are traditional German Christmas biscuits sold at Christmas markets and in grocery stores in Germany, Austria and Switzerland during Advent, the 3-4 weeks leading up to Christmas. During Advent, many folk in these German-speaking countries bake their own Zimtsterne, along with many other wonderful festive biscuits.

The photograph below shows a gift box of homemade Christmas biscuits baked by a German family member. These biscuits include Vanillekipferl (crescent-shaped vanilla shortcrust biscuits), Kokosbusserl (coconut macaroons), Florentiner (Florentines), Lebkuchen (German spiced gingerbread biscuits) and Haselnuss-Makronen (hazelnut macaroons), to name a few. Of the many varieties of homemade German Christmas biscuits, Zimtsterne are perhaps the most popular and best known.

Wonderful homemade German Christmas biscuits. Photo source: Judith Salecich 2015.
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Wonderful homemade German Christmas biscuits. Photo source: Judith Salecich.

This Christmas, as well as making my usual Christmas Cake and Almond Bread, I had a go at making Zimtsterne. I wanted to try baking something new. But more than this, I want to share these delightful German Christmas biscuits with my Australian family and friends.

The recipe I used is the one my German daughter-in-law used and demonstrated for my benefit last year. I’ve applied my somewhat limited German language skills to translate the recipe into English. You will find it at the end of this post, along with a slideshow of the process I used.

To make Zimtsterne, you require these essential ingredients: egg whites, icing sugar, ground nuts and cinnamon.

Zimtsterne are naturally gluten-free and dairy-free. The egg whites and icing sugar form a meringue, which binds the ground nuts together. For the ground nuts you can use either ground almonds or hazelnuts, or a combination of the two.

German Zimtsterne ingredients. Photo source: Judith Salecich 2015.
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German Zimtsterne ingredients. Photo source: Judith Salecich.

Zimtsterne, or Cinnamon Stars, as the name suggests, contain cinnamon (“Zimt”). The addition of cinnamon gives the biscuits their distinctive mild sweet-and-spicy aroma and flavour.

Other ingredients include vanilla and rum, for flavouring. In Germany, one can buy little packets of Vanillin-Zucker (“vanilla sugar”) at the grocery store. In Australia, this product is not readily available, so I replaced vanilla sugar with one teaspoon of vanilla extract. The recipe also suggests adding a few drops of rum, but that’s optional.

The ingredients you will need to make Zimtsterne. Photo source: Judith Salecich 2017.
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The ingredients you will need to make Zimtsterne. Photo source: Judith Salecich.

What makes Zimtsterne distinctive is their shiny, snow-white frosting.

You spread the reserved meringue evenly onto the stars before they are placed in the oven. My daughter-in-law called the meringue “Schnee”. That’s snow in English. How appropriate, I thought, considering that in Germany it is often snowing outside at this time of year! During baking, the meringue sets into a light, crunchy, sweet coating. These “snow-covered” biscuits not only taste good, but they look fantastic too.

The stars covered in "snow" prior to baking. Photo source: Judith Salecich 2017.
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The stars covered in “snow” prior to baking. Photo source: Judith Salecich.

The process of making Zimtsterne is straightforward and not too difficult to follow. However, be warned. The process is time-consuming. Cutting out the stars and covering them with meringue is painstaking and time-consuming. If you are a perfectionist like me and want your stars to be perfect, don’t be in a hurry. Of course, despite my best efforts, my Zimtsterne did not turn out flawlessly like the commercially produced ones. But they taste wonderful and have that certain charm characteristic of homemade goodies.

Why not try making Zimtsterne yourself this Christmas?

I guarantee that your time and effort will be well rewarded.

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Two trays of six-pointed Zimtsterne (“Cinnamon Stars”). Photo source: Judith Salecich.


Makes about 60 stars


3 egg-whites (use large eggs)
250 g (about 2 cups) icing sugar (sifted)
1 teaspoon vanilla extract (in lieu of Vanillin-Zucker)
3 drops of rum
1-2 teaspoons cinnamon powder
about 400 g ground almonds (preferably not blanched) or hazelnuts
extra icing sugar


  1. Line a large baking tray with baking paper.
  2. Turn on the oven: 140 degrees Celcius (element above/below) or 120 degrees Celcius (fan-forced).
  3. Separate the white from the yolk of three eggs. Set the yolks aside.
  4. Place the egg whites in a mixing bowl and beat at high speed until foamy.
  5. Add the sifted icing sugar gradually to the egg whites, while continuing to mix. Beat until the meringue is firm and very shiny, but do not over-beat (until stiff peaks form).
  6. Set aside 3 tablespoons of meringue for covering the stars.
  7. Add vanilla extract, rum, cinnamon and most of the ground nuts to the meringue, mixing carefully at a low speed. Keep adding the ground nuts to make a firm but malleable dough.
  8. Sprinkle icing sugar on a benchtop and roll out the dough to 0.5-0.7 cm thickness.
  9. Cut out the stars and place on the prepared baking tray.
  10. Spread the reserved meringue evenly on the top of the stars.
  11. Place the baking tray in the bottom of the oven and bake for 20-25 minutes (depending on the thickness of your stars.
  12. Allow the stars to cool, then store in an airtight container in a cool place. Zimtsterne will keep for 2-3 weeks.
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Judith Salecich

Writer, researcher, former secondary and tertiary teacher and public servant, wife, mother, grandmother, child of God, photography enthusiast, lover of life, history, food and all things creative.

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